Wednesday, March 11, 2015

Free Pattern Winter Headband Earwarmer, Single Crochet Tutorial


This is the second in a series of three of a single crochet and pattern reading tutorial.

In this tutorial we will be making "The Best of Single Crochet Winter Headband", this pattern will remind you of a few of the things we covered in the first tutorial "Simply Single Crochet Wristlets" (reading pattern instructions written for multiple sizes, the basic single crochet, working in ends of rows, and changing color at the end of a row). We will also be covering how to join a long chain without twisting it, changing colors mid-row as well as how to carry the dropped color across the row. We will be learning the long single crochet (or it's sometimes called the spike stitch), and we will cover working through multiple rows at the same time.

In the photo tutorial I will be demonstrating the pattern for the Ladies-small
winter headband which measures 20 inch head circumference (the headband
pictured in the front). I will also be demonstrating the "cinch" featured
on the Child headband which measures 18 inch head circumference (pictured center),
and the "rose" shown on the Ladies-Large headband which measures 22 inch head
circumference (pictured with the rose).

As usual, I will post the pattern here with a photo slideshow outlining the pattern and stitch illustrations, also a PDF version of the pattern will be available for downloading or printing at the end of this post. If you're not interested in the pattern and just want to take a look at the two main techniques shown here you can check out the photo tutorials for changing color and the long single crochet (or spike stitch). Or keep scrolling down, and learn these concepts as you create your winter headband.

HOW TO CHANGE COLORS:
Click through the photo slide show to see a demonstration of changing colors in crochet or you can scroll down and view this as part of the pattern photo demonstration:





MAKING THE LONG SINGLE CROCHET (OR SPIKE STITCH)

You can take a look at how to create a long single crochet in this photo
slideshow demonstrations; this will be demonstrated again in the creation of the
headband:




So let's begin by taking a look at some of the pattern basics:

SKILL LEVEL:  Beginner
  • I know the long single crochet (or spike stitch) creates a look to the pattern that seems like it would be fairly complicated, it is actually quite easy, really all you need to know to create this headband is the slip stitch, chain, and single crochet which are all basic beginner stitches.
FINISHED MEASUREMENTS: 

Headband circumference measures...
  • 18 inches for Child size
  • 20 inches for Ladies-Small
  • 22 inches for Ladies-Large
MATERIALS:

  • Bernat Roving Chunky Weight yarn (3.5 oz / 100 g _ 120 yds / 109 m per ball)
    • 1 ball each of Color A, Color B, and Color C
      • I used colors #100/Rice Paper, #044/Dark Grey, and #071/Plum
You won't actually need a full ball of each color, if you made the free wristlet pattern I posted last month you will have more than enough yarn left to complete the headband ... and you'd also have a nice matching set.

Click this photo if you'd like to be taken to the post of this pattern.

You will also need:


  • Crochet hook size I/9-5.50mm or size needed to obtain gauge (we'll get to this in a bit).
  • yarn needle

Gauge: It is important to check your gauge to get accurate sizing.
5 single crochet x 6 single crochet rows will measures 2 inches square.

Here is the gauge swatch showing 6 rows of 5 sc each.
Click through the slide show for a tutorial on making a single crochet


in chains and rows; as well as a step by step guide to making the gauge swatch.





What happens if my gauge swatch does not measure 2 inches square:

There are two ways that you can get your swatch to get a little closer to the correct measurement.

1) Make your stitches a little tighter or a little looser. This is not the ideal, especially if you are a beginner, since you will have to make sure that you use that same tension throughout the entire project, and if it's not your usual/comfortable way to crochet it may be difficult to keep it even.

  • If your gauge measures larger than 2 inches, you can crochet a little tighter and retest your gauge.
  • If your gauge measures less than 2 inches, you can crochet a little looser and retest your gauge.
2) Change your hook size. This is the more optimal way to get the correct gauge.
  • If your gauge measures too small, you will need to recheck your gauge using a larger size hook. I typically increase my hook size by one size (example: this pattern calls for a 5.50mm hook, if my gauge would measure too small I would try it again with a 6.25mm hook). I just keep increasing my hook size until I get as close as I can to the correct gauge measurement.
  • If your gauge measures too large, you will need to recheck your gauge using a smaller size hook, keep gradually decreasing the size of your hook until you get as close as you can to the gauge measurement.

Okay, we've covered the materials needed to create your winter headband and the gauge, we're not quite ready to move onto the pattern yet, we need to take a look at a few more things that are included in some patterns.

STITCHES USED / ABBREVIATIONS:
Some patterns will list this on it's cover page, it's a good idea to check this to make sure you know how to make all the stitches that are required to make the pattern. Some will note if they offer instructions or diagrams on how to create some of the special stitches. It's also handy to have if you get to an abbreviation that you are unsure of, you can always check back to this list.

  • Chain = ch
  • slip stitch = sl st
  • single crochet = sc
  • long single crochet = long sc
  • Color A = CA
  • Color B = CB
  • Color C = CC
  • stitch(es) = st(s)
  • hook = hk
  • round(s) = rnd(s)


PATTERN NOTES:

It's a good idea to carefully read the pattern notes prior to beginning your pattern, they often offer valuable information that will aid you in your pattern. They are often used to give instructions that would otherwise need to be repeated within the instructions. For example, my pattern notes say "Join thread with a slip stitch unless otherwise indicated." This means that every time the pattern instructions say something like "join to first sc." You will know that you need to use a slip stitch in the next sc. 


  • Pattern is written for Child, with Adult-Small and Adult-Large written in brackets and indicated by different colors. Instructions written with no color indication are for all sizes: C (A-S, A-L).
For example the headband pattern begins with these instructions: "With CC, ch 44 (50, 56)"

So if you are making the Child size headband you would look for the instruction written in teal or the first count given just prior to the brackets, for child size you will chain 44.

For Adult-Small (which is the one I'm demonstrating in the slide show photos) you would look for the instructions in green or the count given in the first placement inside the brackets, for adult-small you will chain 50.

For Adult-Large you need to find the purple instructions or the second placement inside the brackets, for adult-large you will need to chain 56.

However, for instructions written as follows: "With CA, chain 7". Since the instructions are written in the normal ink color and there are no brackets that mean you would chain 7 for ALL sizes. 

  • Weave in loose ends as work progresses. 
  • Join thread with slip stitch unless otherwise indicated.
  • When changing colors, work to the last stitch with color being used. For the last stitch work until there are two loops on hook, drop color being used. Pick up new color with hook and pull through last two loops on hook.
  • To carry dropped color across rows, hold dropped color along row being worked in, work through stitches and around dropped color. Carry dropped color up at ends of rows unless otherwise indicated.
Okay, I think I've covered all the basics that need to be known before we begin our pattern, lets move onto the Pattern Instructions.


HEADBAND CINCH - OPTIONAL

The "cinch" is optional, if you are not making this part,
move on to the Headband Pattern Instructions.
Instructions are for all sizes.

Carry dropped colors across rows unless otherwise indicated.

With CA, ch 7.

Row 1: Sc in 2nd ch from hk and in each of next 2 ch's switching to CB on last sc worked; with CB sc in each of next 3 ch's switching to CA on last stitch worked, turn.

Rows 2 - 11: With CA, ch 1, sc in each of next 3 sc switching to CB on last sc worked; with CB sc in each of next 3 sc switching to CA on last sc worked, turn.

Row 12: With CA sc in each of next 3 sc switching to CB on last sc worked; with CB sc in each of next 3 sc switching to CC on last sc worked. Do not turn. Fasten off CA and CB.

Edge: With CC, ch 1, working around ends of rows, sc around end sc on each of next 12 rows. Fasten off.

Working along opposite edge of cinch, join CC around end of sc on row 1, ch 1, sc in same space as joining, sc along edge of next 11 rows. Fasten off.

Set cinch aside, it will be joined to headband on last row of Headband Instructions.





HEADBAND PATTERN INSTRUCTIONS:

The pattern will be written in the post, if you need a little more help you can
check out the photo slideshow tutorials just after each set of instructions.

With CC, ch 44 (50, 56), being careful not to twist ch, join to first ch to form a circle.




Rnd 1: Ch 1, sc in same ch as joining and in each of next 45 (49, 55) ch's, join to first sc switching to CA on last pull through.

Rnd 2: Ch 1, sc in same sc as joining and in each of next 43 (49, 55) sc, join to first sc.

Rnd 3: Ch 1, sc in same sc as joining and in each of next 43 (49, 55) sc, join to first sc switching to CB.


Rnd 4: Ch 1, sc in same sc as joining, [long sc in next sc, sc in next sc] 21 (24, 27) times, long sc in next sc, join to first sc.

Rnd 5: Ch 1, sc in same sc as joining, sc in each of next 43 (49, 55) sc, join to first sc switching to CA.


Rnd 6: With CA, repeat rnd 4.

Rnd 7: With CA, repeat rnd 5 switching to CB on joining.


Rnd 8: With CB, repeat rnd 4.

Rnd 9: With CB, repeat rnd 5, switching to CC on joining.























Finishing Round if Optional Cinch was made: 

If you did not make a cinch, skip this section and move on to Finishing Round if no cinch was made.

With CC loop still on hook from headband, ch 1, sc in same sc as joining.

Layer cinch and headband as follows:
  • set cinch on top of headband so that the last sc worked on cinch edge lines up with the next sc on headband row 9, 
  • fold cinch under headband and line up beginning ch on the inside of headband, with first sc on opposite end of cinch edge lined up with headband rnd 14 next sc.
Insert hook into last sc on cinch edge, next sc on headband row 9, and first sc on opposite end of same cinch edge, yarn over and pull up a loop, create a single crochet.

Working through row 12 on cinch, row 9 on headband AND beginning ch on cinch at the same time, sc in each of next 6 sts, make one more sc working through remaining cinch edge and next sc on row 9 of headband.

Continue working around headband row 9 by working a sc in each of next 35 (41, 47) sc, join to first sc. Fasten off.

The "Cinch" joining was demonstrated on the Child-size headband:



Finishing round if no cinch was made:

With CC still on hook from headband rnd 9, ch 1, sc in same sc as joining and in each of next 43 (49, 55) sc, join to first sc. Fasten off.
























Multicolor Rose: Optional

With CA, ch 26 leaving a 10 to 12 inch tail for sewing.

Row 1: With CA, sc in 2nd ch from hk and in each of next 4 ch's switching to CB on last sc worked,
[with CB sc in each of next 5 ch's switching to CA on last sc worked, with CA sc in each of next 5 ch's switching to CB on last sc worked] twice, turn. [you will have a total of 25 sc - 3 groups of of 5 sc with CA, and 2 groups of 5 sc with CB]

Row 2: Ch 1, [with CB, sc in next sc, 2 sc in each of next 3 sc, sc in next sc switching to CA, with CA sc in next sc, 2 sc in each of next 3 sc, sc in next sc switching to CB] twice, with CB sc in next sc, 2 sc in each of next 3 sc, sc in next sc switching to CC, turn. Fasten off CA and CB.

Row 3: With CC, sl st in each sc across. Fasten off.

Work in all ends, EXCEPT for the long tail left at the beginning chain. Starting at the end you just fastened off, roll up the piece. Thread the long tail onto a yarn needle and secure the roll to keep it's shape. Place the rose on the desired spot on headband and still using the long tail, sew the rose in place.




Your headband is now complete:

Best of Single Crochet Headband crochet pattern is the intellectual property of EveryDayWomanCrochet designs by Sheri K, please do not reproduce this pattern in any way for sales purposes. However, you may make as many headbands as you like for sales purposes. I would love a disclaimer as the designer of the pattern, but it's not necessary.

If you liked this pattern you may like some of the patterns that I have for sale, just click on the pictures to be taken to an ordering page, and just below that is a PDF version of this headband pattern for you to access, download or print out.

Simply Single Crochet Beanie Hat Pattern


Best of Single Crochet Scarf Pattern

Here is the PDF version of Best of Single Crochet Headband Free Pattern:





For questions, comments or concerns you can leave a comment below or email me at everydaywomancrochet@outlook.com or everydaywomancrochet@gmail.com.

I would love to create a blog page showcasing your projects created from any of my patterns (whether they be the free patterns I offer or from a purchased pattern). If you would like me to showcase one of my designs that you crocheted please e-mail me a photo with notes on any changes your made, the yarn you used, or any other information that I could add.

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